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Vertebrate Pests

Vertebrate Pests
Latin NameRattus norvegicus
LengthThey can reach lengths of 40 cm,and their tails alone may measure 21 cm
Colorbrown or gray in color
Digestive tractYes

How to get rid of this?.To get rid of pest problem under control, inspection is the first and foremost step.


Color: Brown to gray

Size: Approximately 2 inches in length

Habits: Insect eaters. Fly at night and use sonar-like sound to navigate. Some migrate south in the winter but some may hibernate in New Jersey.

Habitat: Most commonly roost in buildings but may live in hollow trees.

Threat: Both species can carry rabies and transmit it to man through a bite or in droppings. Other diseases may also be carried.

Prevention: Exclusion is a primary control. Bats can squeeze through very small openings so exclusion must be done carefully and thoroughly. Outdoor lighst which attract insects should be turned off if bats fly in to feed.


Color: Light brown to black

Size: 2 inches not including tail

Habits: Nibblers. May feed on several different foods in one night. Can live without water but will drink if water available. Males and females territorial. Very curious and will investigate traps even if no food is on the trap.

Habitat: Lives indoors and out. Will burrow outdoors. May spend entire life in a pallet of food.

Threat: Foul food. Urine may cause allergies. Can bring fleas, mites ticks and lice indoors.

Prevention: Seal all openings larger than a dime.


Color: Gray, brown or black

Size: Gray, brown or black

Habits: This is our common sewer or brown rat. It lives in burrows but may nest in buildings. Forms colonies with interconnecting burrows. They can climb well.

Habitat: Lives in areas with cover such as wood piles, compost piles, trash storage, etc. They can enter buildings through a hole the size of a quarter.

Threat: They can chew through wiring and cause fires. They can spread numerous diseases. They foul food with droppings and urine.

Prevention: Close openings larger than a quarter. Make sure doors fit tightly at the bottom. Keep food and garbage out of reach. Remove moisture sources such as dripping faucets. Remove debris which may serve as a harborage. Pick up fallen fruit in yards. Do not permit pet food to sit out overnight.


Color: Base of hair light gray but darkens to almost black at the tip

Size: Up to 30 inches long including 12 inch hairless tail

Habits: Varied food habits eating almost anything. Active at night. Sluggish and may ‘play dead’ when disturbed.

Habitat:Prefers to live near streams and wooded areas. Do not live indoors normally.

Threat: Will bite if disturbed and will disturb garbage cans. Not a significant disease carrier.

Prevention: Keep garbage can covered and secured.


Color: Dark brown to almost black with ringed tail and white face mask

Size: Weighs 10-15 pounds or more

Habits: Active at night. Feed on almost anything. Very adept ar using their ‘hands’ to open things and collect food.

Habitat: Usually found near water in wooded or brushy areas. Very adaptable to urban environments.

Threat: Carry and transmit rabies. Most common problem is turning over garbage cans. May attack small pets.

Prevention: Keep garbage cans covered and secured. Do not leave pet food out overnight. Back yards and gardens can be fenced to keep raccoons out but they can climb ordinary fencing.


Color: Black

Size: 16 inches including very long tail

Habits: Not common in New Jersey but may be found in port areas. More common in sub-tropical areas. Tend to live above ground in trees and upper portions of buildings. Larger ears and eyes than those of the Norway rat. Prefers fruit.

Habitat: Tend to live in the upper portions of buildings and in trees. Seldom burrow

Threat: Can spread disease can gained notoriety in the spread of bubonic plague (black death) in Europe in centuries past. Foul food with droppings and urine.

Prevention: Close openings larger than a quarter. Remove sources of moisture and food.


Color: Brown to gray with white underbellies

Size: Gray squirrels are 6-8 inches long without tails. Flying squirrels are only about 4 inches in length without tails.

Habits: Feed on a wide variety of seeds, bark, bulbs, fungi and insects. Gray squirrels are active during the day but Flying squirrels are active only at night.

Habitat: Common in wooded areas as both species live in trees. Both will live in buildings if an entry is available.

Threat: Neither species is associated with diseases in man. Both can damage buildings by gnawing holes to enter and tearing up insulation for nesting. Gray squirrels also damage flower and vegetable gardens by digging up bulbs.

Prevention: Close openings larger than a quarter at the roof line. If squirrels have already made entry holes, seal them with metal or else the squirrels will gnaw through the sealant.


Color: Light brown to black, white underbelly.

Size: Slightly larger than the house mouse with big ears and eyes

Habits: Territorial. Live independently. Feed on seeds primarily.

Habitat: Normally live outdoors in hollow logs, stumps or shallow burrows. Active at night. More common in forested areas.

Threat: Transmits Hantavirus through urine droplets. An intermediate host for the Black-Legged (Deer) tick which transmits Lyme disease. Control of White footed mice reduces tick infestations.

Prevention: Close entries in buildings larger than a dime. Remove moisture sources. Remove wood piles and debris which may serve as nesting sites.

PEST CONTROLHouse Rats are small animals with strong bodies, short limbs and long tails. House Rats are the largest group of mammals.

Now a days, house rats have become most dangerous insects. House Rats population grow very quickly, so it is better to target them before the house rats population gets exceed by taking some preventive methods.
If you’re in need of house rats control services, here is a way, our team will prevent this by taking some effective treatments with least impact on the environment.

The Environmina Man can come periodically to monitor your home and help prevent an infestation with RODENTS.


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